Lemon plant, the yellow that you like!
The Lemon plant, also known as Citrus Limon, is part of the rutaceae and is one of the most widespread citrus fruits in the world. There are hypotheses that consider lemon as a hybrid between pomelo and cedar; others that instead consider it an autonomous species.
Imported from the east (it is believed that China is its country of origin), it was then widespread in the Mediterranean by the Arabs, around 1200. Italy became then a leader in the cultivation of lemon, especially in the southern regions. There are many uses that the lemon has since ancient times, especially the medicinal (so much so that the plant had even assumed the name of "medical citrus") as well as, of course, in the food industry.
In some peoples the lemon tree was used even as a magical-ritual element, as a gift to God or as a symbol in the struggle against the epidemics of the past.
It is good to know that lemon produces fruit only after the second or third year of age. It should be cultivated leaving as much as possible its natural form: the scaffolding could jeopardize the fruiting. It is a plant that likes warm temperatures (even direct sunlight) from spring to autumn, but can not stand the cold and the winter blows. It is therefore advisable to repair it by guaranteeing a minimum temperature between 3 and 9 ° C.
The lemon tree should be watered abundantly in the hot months, about once a day but leaving the soil to dry between one watering and another. In winter it can be sufficient twice a month, depending on the region in which it is grown. It likes a universal soil mixed with peat and sand, which guarantees good drainage. It should be fertilized every 20-30 days during the vegetative period, with liquid fertilizer to be diluted in irrigation water.
The lemon pruning should be done between the end of February and the beginning of March, just enough to maintain the proportioned shape without upsetting the growth of the plant.
Following these tricks, your lemon will shine in all its Mediterranean beauty.